The OECD defines biotechnology “as the application of science and technology to living organisms as well as parts, products and models thereof, to alter living or non-living materials for the production of knowledge, goods and services.” Biotechnology – or “bioconversion technology” as its name implies – is the resulting marriage of life sciences (biology) and a multitude of other disciplines such as microbiology, biochemistry, biophysics, genetic engineering, molecular biology and computer science. The term “biotechnology” has perhaps been overused, its original concept reduced to refer to genetic and transgenic engineering: decrypting and modifying the genetic code of living species (Wikipedia).
To learn more:
“La biologie peut-elle être de synthèse ?” Interview with Jean-Pierre Alix of the CNRS et Nils Aziosmanoff of CUBE – May 19, 2010.(in french)
“Organes articifiels : l’homme en pièces détachées” Audio conference by Joël de Rosnay as part of the “Au-delà des limites de corps” series held at Cité des Sciences – May 14, 2013. (in french)